The Republic of Macedonia, officially referred to by the United Nations and many countries as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), is an independent state on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. It is often called Macedonia, but this can cause confusion with the wider geographical region of Macedonia and the Greek region of Macedonia.
The lands governed by the Republic of Macedonia were previously the southernmost part of Yugoslavia. Its current borders were fixed shortly after World War II when socialist Yugoslavia established the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, recognising the Macedonians as a separate nation within Yugoslavia. Renamed as the Republic of Macedonia in 1991, it seceded peacefully from Yugoslavia without any further territorial changes. However, since then the country has been embroiled in a prolonged political dispute with Greece concerning its use of the name "Macedonia". International organisations and many nations refer to the country as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), the term used in its admission to the United Nations, but many other countries recognise it under its constitutional name "Republic of Macedonia".
The Republic of Macedonia encompasses only a part of the geographical region of Macedonia: the remainder is divided between neighbouring Greece (with about half of the total) and Bulgaria (with under a tenth).
Currency Macedonian Denar (MKD)
Time zone – in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD .mk
Calling Code 389