Belgorod Oblast dates from January 6, 1954. It is part of the Central Federal District of the Russian Federation. With the territory of 27.1 thousand sq. kilometers it has population of 1,511.6 people, as of January 2005. The oblast includes 22 districts and 6 cities. The administrative center is Belgorod with population of 342 thousand people. Its main industry is ferrous metallurgy.